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Piles (Hemorrhoids): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The pile is derived from the word ‘pila’ and means the ball. Hemorrhoids or piles are swollen veins in the anus and rectum. Many people suffer from piles/hemorrhoids for a long time before seeking medical help. Piles specialist said that many people are worried about surgery, but most of the problems can be treated without surgery. 

Types of hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids located in the rectum. You can’t usually see or feel these hemorrhoids and rarely cause discomfort. However, excessive tension or irritation through the stool may damage the surface of the hemorrhoids and cause hemorrhoids to bleed. Occasionally, a strain can push internal hemorrhoid through the anus opening. This is called acne that protrudes or prolapses hemorrhoid and can cause pain and irritation.

External Hemorrhoids
This is the skin around your anus. When it is stimulated, external hemorrhoids will itch or bleed.

Causes of Piles or Hemorrhoids
  • obesity
  • Sitting on the toilet for a long time. Bleeding during defecation
  • constant heavy lifting
  • Sitting often or standing for a long time
  • Constipation and diarrhea
  • Intestinal contraction after surgery
  • Insufficient fluid intake
  • Lack of fiber in the diet
  • Leaked feces or mucus drains mucus from the anus
  • Pregnancy
  • Previous bowel surgery
  • Spinal cord injury leads to the bladder and rectal dysfunction
  • straining while passing stool
  • stress
  • Pain or itching around the skin around the anus
Symptoms of Piles

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements
  • Anal itching
  • Swelling around your anus
  • Anal Discomfort
  • The area around the anus becomes red and swollen

4 Stages or Grades of Piles

As the disease progresses, Piles divided into 4 stages or grades. And decided on the treatment of each stage

Grade 1: This is the initial stage of the pile. This type of piles does not flow out of the anus but may bleed
Grade 2: They come out during a bowel movement but then go inside later
Grade 3: They come out but if you push them they will go in
Grade 4: They come out partially from your anus and cannot be pushed inside. If blood coagulation occurs in the mass, they will swell and cause great pain

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