Anal fistula

fistula, fistula treatment in PCMC, laser treatment for fistula in pune

Best Fistula Clinic in Pune

Fistula is a condition that causes extreme pain, bleeding, and infection in the anorectal region. At Vithai Piles Center, our expertise lies in treating the advanced complications of Piles and Fistula. Visit our Clinic in PCMC today and get a consult from the best Piles Doctors in the PCMC.

Anal Fistula- Definition

Anal Fistula is a lower GI ailment where there are multiple paths for the stools to go through. These multiple paths are formed due to abscess formation or some other infection in the rectal canal. Due to this pathway, there is a constant infection, swelling, and pain in the anal area. At Vithai Piles Clinic, our top Fistula Doctors in Pune treat Piles and Fistula and make the patient healthy again.

Main Reasons for Fistula Formation

Fistula is an alternate pathway for anything. In the case of the Anal Fistula, the alternate pathway gets created in the rectal canal for stools. While bowel movements, stools get inside this tunnel. This causes stools to get lodged inside it. This further causes sepsis and infection in the region.

Anal Fistula is formed due to rupturing of an abscess. An abscess is formed when any gland in the rectal area swells. The swelled gland, if not healed properly, gives rise to an abscess. This abscess, upon rupturing, opens into the rectal canal. Thus, an opening/tunnel/fistula is formed. These are the blind openings that end somewhere inside the surrounding tissue. When stools lodge inside this tunnel, it exacerbates the already ruptured abscess, infecting the surrounding tissue. The bacteria in the stools cause infection and swelling.

Apart from swelled glands, there are few other ways for the anal fistula to manifest. It can be the result of AIDS, rectal cancer, or some injury during anal intercourse. Fistula can also be the result of advanced stage Piles, Crohn’s disease, or any other rectal inflammatory disease. It can also be caused, under rare circumstances, due to Tuberculosis

Symptoms of Fistula

Anal Fistula presents the following set of symptoms -

  • Redness in the anal region
  • Pain while bowel movements and after
  • Anal swelling
  • Foul-smelling liquid oozing out of the anus
  • Pain in day to day activities and movements
  • Fever due to infection

Diagnosis of Fistula

Just like Piles, our best surgeons and Proctologists diagnose fistula based on visual symptoms and by performing colonoscopy. Our specialists at Vithai Piles Clinic are top Proctologists and Piles Doctors in Pune. After performing the rectal examination, we can define the stage of disease and then define the further course of treatment.

Treatment of Fistula

Fistula is a serious anorectal ailment, and if untreated can lead to serious and life-threatening complications. As part of the initial course of treatment, we start the patient on broad-spectrum antibiotics, to avoid infection on the fistula site and painkillers to relieve the patient from the discomfort. When the antibiotics set in, then we focus on healing the site of infection

The medications can be effective up to a certain extent only. For more advanced stages of Fistula, our surgeons recommend surgery. The surgery is the most effective treatment course for late-stage fistula. Our surgeons are experts in performing open anorectal surgery or laser surgery to treat fistula.

In surgery, we first cut the skin around the tunnel and let the puss and other fluids flow out. Then we clean the wound and dress it. This is a typical procedure for open surgeries. In case of laser surgeries, we make a small incision through which we can clean and dress the wound.

The surgical wound in case of laser surgery is small and takes about 2 to 3 days to heal. While in the case of open surgery, the surgical wound takes about 2 weeks to heal. Fistula healing, on the other hand, takes 4 to 6 weeks. At this time, the patient requires to maintain proper dressing and hygiene on the surgical site.

How to prevent Fistula?

Fistula is a condition that is caused due to infection in the rectal tract. It can be prevented or made less severe by some simple methods-

  • Early diagnosis and treatment of rectal ailments like Piles and Fissure
  • Preventing rectal injury
  • Practicing safe sex
  • Eating fiber-rich foods
  • Daily exercise and balanced lifestyle

Frequently Asked Questions-

What is a fistula?

The fistula is an alternate pathway created in the rectal canal where stools and other rectal discharges lodge.

How common is a fistula?-

Fistula is a fairly common condition in young and middle-aged men.

What makes one develop a fistula?

Fistula is formed because of a ruptured abscess in the rectal area. The bursting of an abscess makes an alternate path for stools, thereby causing fistula.

Where can I find female doctors to treat for fistula?

At Vithai Piles Center, our female doctors offer treatment for fistula for women patients of all age groups.

Above Aai Misal House, Front of Yogesh Cloth Center, Jai Maharashtra Chowk, Kasarwadi, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Maharashtra 411034 India

Mon - Sat 11.00 am - 8.30 pm